Wines of Sardinia: The Girò

Girò

Red Wine DOC

Fine grape variety and of great potential, especially for the production of dessert wine or sipping wine. Probably its origins  date back to the Spanish rule, when it was introduced in Campidano di Cagliari. Girò have been most popular during the rule of the Piedmont in 1700 and was in danger of disappearing because of phylloxera in the second half of the 800. In fact, as we have said in other posts, with the destruction of most of the vineyards due to this parasite, many producers preferred replace Girò with more productive and less difficult grape varieties. Its cultivation is now restricted to limited areas located mainly in the south of the island; it prefers calcareous-clayey terrains, deep, cool, and dry; warm and dry climate. It has been recognized of the Denomination of Controlled Origin(DOC) in 1979, arousing new interest and experiencing a period of great fame, as it is one of the few Italian liqueur wines that you can liken to the well-known Spanish Wines Port and Madeira. Characterized by an intense ruby red color and elegant aromas reminiscent of cherries jam, caramel and quince. It is full-bodied, soft and velvety. His balance and finesse can be attributed to the sweetness and the pleasant feeling of warmth that you perceive.

You can pair the Girò di Cagliari Doc with desserts, in particular is great with pastry made ​​with almonds, tart with red fruit or dried fruit and mature pecorino cheese(see post). It has to be served with a medium size wineglass tulip-shaped(as for Cabernet wine), at a temperature of 10-12 ° C. You can pair the Liqueur type, be it sweet or dry, with baked pastries and tarts with jam. We recommended a small size wineglass tulip-shaped(as for Port wine); the ideal temperature is between 12 and 14 ° C.

DOC Girò di Cagliari

Grape: Min. 95% Girò, max. 5% other suitable grapes of Sardinian cultivation

Area of production: All the Municipalities of the Province of Cagliari and some Municipalities of the Province of Oristano

Wine Yeld: Max. 60%

Alcoholic Content: Min. 14,5° of which 2,5° to be developed

Tipe: Dry 14.0°, 0.5° of which to be developed; Fortified wine 17.5°, 2.5° of which to be developed; Dry fortified wine 17.5°, 1.0° of which to be developed; Fortified wine Reserve

Ageing: Min. 2 years and at least one in barrels for Reserve typology

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Wines of Sardinia: The Nasco

Nasco

White Wine DOC

 

Grown in Sardinia since ancient times, Nasco is a precious variety of rare finesse. Today it is cultivated mainly in calcareous and sunny soils  of the inland of the province of Cagliari(see post), in particular, in the municipalities of Quartu, Maracalagonis, Dolianova, Selargius, Sinnai, Soleminis. The name seems to derive from the Latin “Muscus” which means moss, which justifies the scent that is felt particularly in aged wines. In Roman times, this vine had spread throughout the island and so it was until the second half of the last century, a period during which it was considered  one of the most prestigious wines of Sardinia.
Currently Nasco is experiencing a renewed and deserved interest  even if it is mainly consumed by a clientele of estimator and its production is therefore limited. It is characterized by an amber color, a good consistency, an intense and enveloping scent of honey , fruits, dates, figs, candied orange, with a finish of musk and Mediterranean scrub. To the palate is smooth, thick and sweet. It is often used for the production of fortified wines.
Since 1972 it has been recognized as Denomination of Controlled Origin(DOC).

The Nasco wine should be served at room temperature, paired to cheeses(see post); is great, when served cold, as an aperitif.

DOC Nasco di Cagliari

Grape: Nasco Min. 95%, max 5% other suitable grapes cultivated in Sardinia

Production Area: Part of the municipalities of the provinces of Cagliari and Oristano

Yield in wine: Max. 65%

Alcoholic content: 14.5°, of which at least 2.5° to be developed

Type: Dry, min. 14°; Fortified wine, min. 17.5°, 2.5° of which to be developed; Fortified Reserve

Aging: Min. 2 years one of which in barrels, for Reserve typology

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Wines of Sardinia: The Monica

Monica

Red Wine DOC

 

The Monica vine is one of the longest-standing in Sardinia and is to be found all over the island. Is believed that its introduction is due to the Camaldulian monks around the 11th century, from whom its name is derived. Another theory instead attributes its introduction to the Spain during its dominion on the island(the vine is also know as Monica di Spagna or Uva Mora, Moorish Grape). This vine grows well with good yeld on calcareous soils in hilly areas well exposed to the sun.
The wines are delicately spicy, with a fresh perfume of berries and cherries and red fruit jam. In the mouth is warm and pleasantly soft. At the moment there are two type of DOC Wines that are obtained from the Monica species: Monica di Sardegna and Monica di Cagliari, the first more common, the latter is currently quite rare. Along with Bovale(see post) and Cannonau(see post), it is part of another DOC denomination, the Mandrolisai.

You can match Monica wines with roast meats, hard cheeses, soups, cold cuts. Serve at a temperature of 16-18 °C.

DOC Monica di Sardegna

Grape: Monica min. 85%, max. 15% other suitable non-aromatic black grapes of Sardinian cultivation.

Production Area: All Sardinia

Yeld in wine: Max. 70%.

Alcoholic content: Dry (min. 11.0°); Medium sweet (min. 11.0°); Lightly sparkling (min. 11.0°); Superior (min. 12.5°)

Aging: One year for Superior typology.

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Wines of Sardinia: The Semidano

The Semidano

White Wine DOC

 

White grape, of uncertain origin, very common in antiquity. The spread of phylloxera in the late 1800, a parasite that destroyed vineyards throughout Europe, led to a reduction in the cultivated area. In fact, at the time of replanting new vines, were preferred varieties with a higher yield and more disease-resistant(p.es.: Nuragus, see post). Currently it is grown only in a small area of ​​Campidano(province of Oristano) in hills of clay and limestone. From the vinification of this wine, you get an elegant wine, with a bright golden straw color, olfactory scents of flowers and fruit (peach and apricot), palatable and soft with pleasant notes of herbs and, again, of fruit. In 1995 it obtained the Denomination of Controlled Origin Sardinia Semidano with subdenomination “Mogoro“.

Recommended with pasta dishes, main courses of fish or white meat, eel, tasty fish soups, pecorino. Serve at a temperature of 8-10 ° C.

DOC Sardegna Semidano - Mogoro

Grape: Semidano Min. 85%, max. 15% of other white non-aromatic grapes suitable for cultivation in the region of Sardinia.

Production Area: All Sardinia

Yield in wine: Max. 70%

Alcoholic content: Min. 11.0°; Mogoro subregion 11.5°

Type: Superior min. 13.0°; Sparkling min. 11.5°; Straw wine min. 15.0°, 2.0° of which to be developed and a wine yield of no more than 50%

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Wines of Sardinia: The Vernaccia

Vernaccia di Oristano

White Wine DOC

 

Ancient and noble grape, cultivated in  Sardinia since the time of the Phoenicians. Over time, its cultivation has been limited almost exclusively to the province of Oristano. The name of the vine, held to have been conferred by the Romans, derives from “vernacula“, which means a grape of the zone, and the first written historical mention dates back to 1327. At the end of the nineteenth century all the european vines, and therefore also the vines of Vernaccia di Oristano, were destroyed by an insect pest, phylloxera, and only after the war there was a strong recovery in production. Many wine producers came together in a cooperative and obtained the disciplinary of production of Vernaccia di Oristano DOC(the first Denomination recognised in Sardinia in 1971). Its consumption has been falling for several years, but it deserves to be saved and valued for its peculiarity and the excellence that is often able to express. This wine owes its unique characteristics to an oxidative maturation, of at least 3-4 years in barrels(made of oak or chesnut) which are not completely filled. The presence of oxygen encourages the rise of yeast to the top of the must, forming characteristic flor film, which contributes to the special aroma, known in the ancient vernacular as “Murrai“. It’s a dry wine with a unique and complex personality that is revealed by the warm shades of amber color, by complex ethereal taste sensations and of dried fruit, almond blossom and bitter honey that are amplified on the palate in a long and remarkable persistence. In addition to the  Vernaccia di Oristano DOC, from this typical vine, you also get a young white wine that is sold as IGT Valle del Tirso“.

To match with fish dishes of tones taste-olfactory particularly accentuated, as botargo(tuna or mullet roe), spicy cheeses or smoked. Should be drunk as an aperitif at 8-10 ° C; or during lunch at 12 ° C.

 

Vernaccia di Oristano DOC

Grape: Vernaccia 100%

Production Area: The Municipalities of the Lower Tirso subregion

Yield in wine: Max. 65%

Alcoholic content: Min. 15,0°

Type: Superior min. 15.5°, Dry fortified wine min. 18.0°,Sweet fortified wine min. 16.5°

Aging: Min. 2 years in barrels, min. 3 years for Superior typology

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Wines of Sardinia: The Torbato

Torbato

White Wine DOC

 

The vine Torbato, is a white grape variety of undoubted Spanish origin, and grew significantly during the 300 years of permanence of the Catalans in Sardinia. Today is the less common on the island even though it is one of the finest. It is cultivated almost exclusively in the province of Sassari, in particular in the area of Alghero, a town with traditions of undoubted Catalan influence. The soils of this territory, made of limestone and clay, combined with the wonderful climate, warm and dry, are the factors that contribute to enhancing the high quality of the wine Torbato. Torbato is purely produced to obtain the eponymous wine, as well as a sparkling variety, both bearing the title of DOC Alghero. The wine shows a pale straw color fairly intense, delicate and fruity smells that remember marine notes and minerals but also intense hints of white flowers and fruit; lively and refreshing in the mouth with a slightly bitter finish.
On its own as an aperitif or at table with fish, crustaceans or white meats. Serve at a temperature of 8-10 ° C.

DOC Alghero Torbato

Grape: Torbato min. 85%, max. 15% of other white non-aromatic grapes suitable for cultivation in the region of Sardinia.

Production Area: Municipalities of Alghero, Ittiri, Olmedo, Ossi, Tissi, Usini and parts of Sassari

Wine Yeld: Max. 70%

Alcoholic content: Min. 11,0°

Type: Sparkling min. 11,5°

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