4000 Years of History
Tharros is an archaeological site in the south of the Sinis Peninsula(see post), situated on Cape San Marco near Cabras(Oristano). Incredibly suggestive because it is part of a natural setting of extraordinary beauty, a sort of natural amphitheater overlooking the sea. It is one of the most important archaeological sites of the Mediterranean, a Punic-Roman city founded by the Phoenicians in the eighth century B.C. (although more recent studies suggest the presence of a nuragic settlement since the Bronze Age), from where you can enjoy a splendid view of the Gulf of Oristano. The road leading to the archaeological site climbs the hill of Su Muru Mannu, then goes inside Tharros and continues to the seashore. Along the way, first you’ll find evidence of two necropolis and a Tophet, the typical Phoenician-Punic sanctuary, then ruins of the Roman rule, like the thermal baths, a reservoir of the aqueduct of the city, the foundations of the temple and finally the ancient Roman paved road that was the main city street with the sewerage channel still in excellent condition. Basically we are in a open-air museum, where excavations continue bringing to light the history of this town. Pratically all we see dates back to the Roman period or to early Christianity, while most of the artifacts recovered is scattered among the museums of Cagliari, Cabras, Oristano and even the British Museum in London.
Tharros was inhabited until the mid-eleventh century. A.D. when, considered at risk of attacks by the Saracens, was abandoned to move to Aristiane, the current Oristano. Also in Tharros area, right next to the ruins, there are beautiful beaches, such as San Giovanni of Sinis, famous for its typical fishermen’s huts made of wooden cane, nordic style rather than the Mediterranean, and here between the dunes and cliffs, there’s also the Spanish coastal tower of San Giovanni of Sinis. The beach is well equipped and the sea bottoms are perfect sceneries for those who practice snorkeling or diving.
GPS coordinates of Tharros: 39.873438, 8.441019
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