The Mount Arci

A mount made of Obsidian

The Monte Arci is an isolated massif of volcanic origin in the province of Oristano, which stays within the territory of several municipalities in the plain of Uras; is made up of basaltic lava flows and reaches a maximum height of 812 meters with the tip Trebina Longa, which is flanked by the Trebina Lada (703) and Corongiu de Sizoa (463). This mount from the historical point of view has always played a huge significance for its rich deposits of obsidian, a glassy mineral, rare in the Mediterranean, extremely useful in the production of prehistoric tools and weapons. Since ancient Neolithic the Monte Arci became a very strong attraction pole for all those Mediterranean populations who came here in Sardinia in order to procure obsidian, giving rise to the first contacts of Sardinia with the peoples of the lands bordering the Mediterranean. At Pau, a municipality in the area, you can visit a unique museum of its kind dedicated entirely to obsidian, and it is also possible, starting from the museum, go on excursions around the mountain in search of the ancient quarries.

In Pau there is also the Neolithic site of “Su de forru is Sintzurreddus” while in Villaverde the nuragic complex of “Brunk ‘and s’omu” and in Morgongiori the sanctuary in the cave of “Sa domu de is coambus“. The mountain is located within the park to which it gives the name, The Regional Natural Park of Monte Arci, and most of its surface is covered with holm oak forests, but there are also cork oaks and large areas of the mediterranean scrub. One of the largest and most beautiful oak woods is that of Acqua Frida in the territory of Ales, to which there are numerous springs. The fauna of this area is very rich and have recently been reintroduced deer and fallow deer, which had disappeared, while among the birds that nest here there are peregrine falcons, sparrow hawks, goshawks, kestrels and the lesser kestrel.

In the area you can also visit the “Nuraghe Cuccurada” and the archaeological site of Santa Anastasia, which is located in the upper part of Sardara, a nuragic sanctuary inserted in a structured civil and religious settlement, still being excavated.

Directions: From Sassari follow the SS131 direction Oristano/Cagliari. Pass over Oristano and continue towards Cagliari. At the junction of Uras take the direction of Laconi and follow the SS442 through Morgongiori and Ales. At the exit of Ales in the direction of Laconi, turn at the fork to Pau, SP 48 At the entrance of the village, follow the signs to the “Obsidian trail”.

GPS Coordinate : Regional Natural Park of Monte Arci: 39.755356, 8.748701

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